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Frequently Asked Questions

What is 5-HMF? What is it for?
  • 5-HMF is a green chemistry molecule that has been of interest since the 1960s. It is a platform for green chemistry from which many different compounds can be derived.

  • 5-HMF can be used to create new bio-sourced resins and polymers, with interesting properties compared to fossil-fuel based ones.

  • The chemistry of 5-HMF is currently being intensively studied to develop a wide variety of chemicals ranging from surfactants to medicines.

What is FDCA? What is it for?
  • FDCA is a green chemistry molecule that has been of interest since the 1960s. Because of its exceedingly high production costs, this molecule has not been developed by the industry and has not yet met its markets.

  • The FDCA enables the production of a new generation of competitive bioplastics (PEF), with interesting mechanical, thermal and anti-fire characteristics. These plastics will also provide better anti-oxygen, CO2, bacterial barriers.

  • It can also be used for producing plant-based resins, without bisphenol A, recognized as dangerous for health and prohibited in several countries. These resins will be major components of adhesives, paints, coatings, etc.

Are PEF bioplastics from FDCA recyclable?
  • PEF has already been shown to be recyclable.

  • Experts believe that the PEF will be recyclable with existing recycling assets. As a result, communities and industries will not need to invest in new recycling.

Are PEF bioplastics biodegradable?

  • The biodegradability of PEF has been demonstrated in an industrial composter. We plan to conduct degradation studies in the environment.

  • Various technologies are needed to meet the needs of the population: bioplastics will meet address challenges that biodegradable plastics will not be able to address.

   - To date, biodegradable plastics are being considered for diaper markets, cigarettes, dry food bags mainly.

   - Bioplastics are expected to address rigid packaging, textiles, transport, 3D printing markets…

What are the health and environmental benefits of FDCA?
  • The FDCA will allow the plastics and resins industries to move away from fossil fuels and thereby contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

  • It also remove chemicals with proven toxicity

What are the economic and industrial benefits?
  • Studies and early experiments led by CLIMICALS and its academic partners show that the cost of FDCA will be similar to PTA, the equivalent fossil molecule. In the short/medium term, various externalities will make FDCA more competitive than PTA: rising carbon costs, rising fossil extraction costs, improving process efficiency, favourable impact of the serial effect…

  • We prioritize the supply of resources through 3 channels:

  1. Local agricultural producers, through the use of currently unprocessed produced biomass streams

  2. Food distributors through the recovery of valuable unsold products

  3. Agrifood processors through waste recovery

  • Strengthening or emergence of new local economies in synergy with biorefineries, sugar producers, chemical, purification, polymerization and recycling industries

How does this technolgy fit into the circular economy?
  • The CO2 cycle is optimized: storage by plants, replacement of the fossil by these plants

  • Agricultural producers find new sources of income from their products, especially for those which are not valued to date or no longer meet the consumer needs

  • Food products unsold by food distributors become valued resources

  • Relevant economical models will create local jobs

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